If you are not a registered voter, or need to update your voter registration, HR Strategies can help you do so!
You can even vote early! Check out your county’s government website to find out where the advanced voting locations are.
As the Presidential Election is next week, HR Strategies welcomes you to take a look back at the history of the Electoral College and the 12thAmendment.
The U.S. Constitution set up the proceedings for electing our Executive, by establishing the Electoral College. The Twelfth Amendment provides the procedure for electing the President and Vice President. It replaced Article 22, Section 1, Clause 3, of the Constitution, which provided the original procedure; but that faced problems in the elections of 1796 and 1800.
The 12th Amendment was passed by Congress December 9, 1803, and ratified June 15, 1804.AMENDMENT XII: The Electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate; — the President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted; — The person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. [And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President. –]* The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
*Superseded by section 3 of the 20th amendment.
The 26th Amendment was passed by Congress March 23, 1971, and ratified July 1, 1971.
Note: Amendment 14, section 2, of the Constitution was modified by section 1 of the 26th amendment.
- AMENDMENT XXVI: Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
“The 26th Amendment lowered the voting age from 21 to 18, allowing millions of young people to participate actively in the democratic process and to have a powerful voice in shaping their political future.
The first rumblings to lower the voting age emerged in the midst of the Vietnam War, with student demonstrations running strong. The slogan “Old enough to fight, old enough to vote,” gained popularity and some groups, including student members of the California Teachers Association (CTA), hoped to change the system from within.
In 1970, President Richard Nixon passed the Voting Rights Act, which called for the voting age to be 18. The Senate voted 94-0 to pass the resolution, and 13 days later, on March 23, 1971, the House voted in favor. Within four months, the amendment was ratified by the required three-fourths of state legislatures. It was the fastest time any proposed amendment has been pressed forward, and President Nixon signed it into law in July.
Millions of 18, 19 and 20 year olds could now vote in the 1972 presidential election. They, and the young activists who fought for the change, paved the way for future generations of young people to exercise their political voices.” (Excerpts from http://democracyday.com/the-26th-amendment.html
HR Strategies strongly advocates for all to vote in our upcoming elections this November. Please remember that your vote counts in electing our public officials who determine our laws, including those regarding commerce, and human resource issues. If you haven’t registered to vote, you may do so at http://www.presidentialelection.com/register_to_vote/.
Additionally, as an employer are you making it possible for your employees to vote. Georgia code 21-2-404 reads as such:
Affording employees time off to vote
Each employee in this state shall, upon reasonable notice to his or her employer, be permitted by his or her employer to take any necessary time off from his or her employment to vote in any municipal, county, state, or federal political party primary or election for which such employee is qualified and registered to vote on the day on which such primary or election is held; provided, however, that such necessary time off shall not exceed two hours; and provided, further, that, if the hours of work of such employee commence at least two hours after the opening of the polls or end at least two hours prior to the closing of the polls, then the time off for voting as provided for in this Code section shall not be available. The employer may specify the hours during which the employee may absent himself or herself as provided in this Code section. (The law does not specify whether time off is to be paid)
HR Strategies advises employers to have set company policies, listed in their employee handbooks, which set forth how the employer deals with taking time off for voting. If you need assistance with your employees’ right to vote, or construction of employee policies and handbooks, contact HR Strategies at 770-339-0000.
The 19th Amendment was passed by Congress June 4, 1919, and ratified August 18, 1920.
- AMENDMENT XIX: The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
“August 1995 marked the 75th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th amendment to the Constitution. The amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote. Achieving this milestone required a lengthy and difficult struggle; victory took decades of agitation and protest. Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change of the Constitution. Few early supporters lived to see final victory in 1920.
Between 1878, when the amendment was first introduced in Congress, and August 18, 1920, when it was ratified, champions of voting rights for women worked tirelessly, but strategies for achieving their goal varied. Some pursued a strategy of passing suffrage acts in each state–nine western states adopted woman suffrage legislation by 1912. Others challenged male-only voting laws in the courts. Militant suffragists used tactics such as parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. Often supporters met fierce resistance. Opponents heckled, jailed, and sometimes physically abused them.
By 1916, however, almost all of the major suffrage organizations were united behind the goal of a constitutional amendment. When New York adopted woman suffrage in 1917 and when President Woodrow Wilson changed his position to support an amendment in 1918, the political balance began to shift in favor of the vote for women. On May 21, 1919, the House of Representatives passed the amendment, and 2 weeks later, the Senate followed. When Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the amendment on August 18, 1920, the amendment passed its final hurdle of obtaining the agreement of three-fourths of the states. Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby certified the ratification on August 26, 1920, and the face of the American electorate changed forever.” http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution_amendment_19.html
The 19th Amendment was a big start in the push towards The Civil Rights Act, which occurred many years later. The ratification of the 19th Amendment opened the doors on diversity and on equality for all, including the many “Acts” which affect employers/employees and are governed by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), Department of Labor (DOL), and many more regulatory agencies.
HR Strategies would like to remind all to vote in this year’s elections, it is your civil right! If you are not a registered voter, and would like to register you may do so at http://www.presidentialelection.com/register_to_vote/.
Additionally, if you have questions regarding the EEOC, the DOL, and other employer regulatory compliance matters, please visit us at http://www.hr-strategies.com/, or reach us by phone at 770-339-0000.
The 17th Amendment was passed by Congress on May 13, 1912, and ratified April 8, 1913.
Note: Article I, section 3, of the Constitution was modified by the 17th amendment.
- AMENDMENT XVII: The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.
When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.
This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.
Elections to the United States Senate are to be held on November 6, 2012, with 33 of the 100 seats in the Senate being contested in regular elections whose winners will serve six-year terms from January 3, 2013 until January 3, 2019. Although there are no Georgia seats in the race for the United States Senate in 2012, there are a total of 56 seats up for election in the Georgia State Senate race.
HR Strategies would like to take this time to remind you to register to vote. Our elected public officials determine the laws and regulations which protect and shape the way business is done here in our fine state of Georgia, and our Nation.
If you haven’t registered to vote, or you need to update your voter registration you may do so at: http://www.presidentialelection.com/register_to_vote/